Introduction to Lamrim’s Serenity & Insight 广论止观初探

[Meditative·Serenity] 由止无动,乃能明见真实

《修次初篇》云:“心动如水无止为依,不能安住非等引心,不能如实了知真义,故世尊亦说由心住定,乃能如实了知真实。“

Kamalasila’s first Stages of Meditation says:
  Because your mind moves like a river, it does not rest without the foundation of meditative serenity; a mind that is not in meditative equipoise cannot understand reality just as it is. Also, the Bhagavan says, “With meditative equipoise, you know reality just as it is.”

[Meditative·Serenity] 由止力无动,由观故如山

《月灯经》云:“由止力无动,由观故如山。“心无散乱,自然安住所缘,是修止迹。由证无我之真实性,断我见等一切恶见,敌不能动犹如山岳,是修观迹。故于此二应各分别。”

As the Moon Lamp Sutra says:
  The power of meditative serenity makes your mind steady; insight makes it like a mountain.
So, the mark of meditative serenity is that your attention stays right where it is placed without distraction from the object of meditation. The mark of insight is that you know the reality of selflessness and eliminate bad views such as the view of self; your mind is like a mountain in that it cannot be shaken by opponents. Therefore, you should distinguish these two marks.

[Meditative·Serenity] 双修止观的原因

如修次中编云:
「唯观离止如风中烛,瑜伽师心于境散乱不能坚住,以是不生明了智光,故当同等习近二者。」

Kamalasila’s second Stages of Meditation says:
  With bare insight that lacks serenity, the yogi’s mind is distracted by objects; like an oil-lamp in the wind, it will not be stable. For this reason, what sublime wisdom sees will not be very clear. As this is so, rely equally on both.

[Meditative·Serenity] 依照经论认识止观的体性(六)

故证空性妙三摩地,虽有明乐无所分别,诸未趣向空性之定,亦有极多明了安乐及无分别,故应善辨二定差别。

Therefore, since bliss, clarity, and non-discursiveness are present in concentrations that know emptiness, yet very often occur in concentrations that are not directed toward emptiness, you have to differentiate these two.

[Meditative·Serenity] 依照经论认识止观的体性(五)

是故止观非就所缘境相而分,既有通达空性之止,亦有不达空性之观。若能止心于外境转,住内所缘故名寂止,增上观照故名胜观。

Thus, meditative serenity and insight are not differentiated in terms of their respective objects of meditation, for there is meditative serenity that knows emptiness and there is insight which does not know emptiness. Also, meditative serenity (zhignas) is your mind quieting (zhi) movement toward external objects, and then abiding (gnas) on an internal object of meditation; insight (Ihag mthong) is superior (lhag pa), i.e., special, seeing (mthong).