[善财童子五十三参][English] 第三十二回 拜安住主地神

第三十二回 拜安住主地神
第三十二回 拜安住主地神

Therefore, having relied upon an excellent protector, solidify your certainty about the way that all the scriptures are causal factors for one person to become a buddha.

【◎ 是故应当依善依怙,于其一切正言,皆是一数取趣,成佛支缘。所有道理,令起定解。】


然后呢进入大乘,虽然有很多经典,我们现在《华严》做代表,或者你们自己可以想,各式各样的经典上面都这么说。这个文殊菩萨一再开示善财童子,以及他善财童子不断地参访善知识,随处随地那个善知识也一再开示他,说:“你要成佛啊,要成就一切智智,总要依靠善知识。”那么这个详细的情况到后面说,到后面说。这个是我们修学佛法第一步。

LAM RIM CHEN MO 《菩提道次第广论》

  摩竭提国,又名善胜国,昔日帝释天主释提垣因与阿修罗交战,阿修罗一枪刺在山峰上,山峰流出甘露,甘露就流到这个国内,所以这个国内的臣民都行善,没有刑法。最大的惩罚,就是把犯人送到寒林去受苦。这个国里臣贤将猛,帝王有德,没有哪个国家敢来侵犯。诸佛都到这个国土来说法,国王专门修一个庄严雄伟的说法场所,名菩提场。

  这个菩提场,大能容纳三千大千世界,小则仅够罗汉修行。这里经常有百万神兵守护,这些神,各具本领,无与能比,都是出类拔萃的能者,所以里面有很多是善知识者。

  安住主地神,就是其中的一个。他能预知什么时候有什么人来,来的人过去有些什么道德感化,有些什么善恶因缘,来是什么目的。所以善财一到,安住主地神带领百万地神,摆开阵势迎接。

  善财出来两年,拜了三十多个善知识,还没有遇到这样的热闹迎接场面。

  善财来到菩提场,就看见前面旌旗招展,听得军号声声,有如大军出阵之势。

  前面队伍金盔金甲,手执金枪,金色大旗迎风飘舞。金色军号,金色战鼓,其音铿锵。布列成阵,列于两旁。

  随后银盔银甲,银色大旗迎风飘舞,手执银枪,银色军号战鼓,其音咚咚,布列成阵,列于两旁。

  再后红盔红甲,黑盔黑甲,青盔青甲。各色大旗迎风飘舞,各色铠甲鲜明,各色军号,各色战鼓,其音整齐,嗡嗡然,哨哨然,如高山流水,如海浪吼啸。伫列雄壮,如高山耸立,又如铜墙铁壁。安住主地神,由众神将陪同,站于阵前。见善财行来,率众将迎接,手行军礼。乐音齐奏,炮声齐鸣,将善财迎入中军帐中,分宾主坐下。

  安住主地神道:“文殊师利早有吩咐,恭候圣者已久,今日礼节不周,请多谅解。”

  善财答道:“文殊师利教我南行,参拜大善知识者,接受利乐有情造福人间的教导,时经两年,路行万里,参拜三十多个善知识,都谆谆教诲,受益非浅。承蒙大天神指点,前来参拜圣者,望圣者慈悲教诲。”

  主地神道:“菩提场是诸佛菩萨说法之处,无量劫来我守护此场,集诸佛菩萨的福德,为诸佛菩萨说法创造环境。说著地神将右臂一伸,大地轰然震动。再将左臂一伸,场内诸树发芽、开花、结果、香风飘盈菩提场中。主地神又将左腿一伸,大地为之荡然。再将右腿一伸,地下涌出七宝、金、银、琉璃等。

  善财问道:“圣者以何因缘,享受如此善果。“

  主地神道:“我从燃灯古佛,直到现在,都为诸佛守护宝藏。这些宝藏,都是诸佛菩萨无量劫精勤修习而来。若不精进修习,宝藏就会失散。我若不精进修习,也不能守护,也无法守护。

  善财问:“造福人间的事也要精进修习?”

  主地神道:“是的,一切善法都要精进修习,才不会失散。”

  善财问:“造福人间的事该怎么修?请圣者开示指导。”

  主地神道:“我只知道这不散失法门,就是精进修习。还有其他的方法我就不懂了。你想知道,就到本国的迦毗罗城去,那里有个名婆珊婆演底的主夜神,他可以告诉你。”

  善财求善知识心切,本想拜辞离去。但想到来时迎接的场面,不好意思的问道:“我已知道不散失法门来之不易。还想知道你是怎么精进的?精进些什么善法?”

  主地神道:“你去参拜主夜神自然会知道的。”

  主地神送善财出门,善财知道了不散失的精进修习,以此用在参善知识上,谢了主地神的教诲,往迦毗罗城走去。

  尔时,善财童子渐次游行,趣摩竭提国菩提场内安住神所,百万地神同在其中,更相谓言:“此来童子即是佛藏,必当普为一切众生作所依处,必当普坏一切众生无明榖藏。此人已生法王种中,当以离垢无碍法缯而冠其首,当开智慧大珍宝藏,摧伏一切邪论异道。”

  时,安住等百万地神,放大光明,遍照三千大千世界,普令大地同时震吼,种种宝物处处庄严,影洁光流递相鉴彻;一切叶树俱时生长,一切华树咸共开敷,一切果树靡不成熟,一切河流递相灌注,一切池沼悉皆盈满;雨细香雨遍洒其地,风来吹华普散其上,无数音乐一时俱奏,天庄严具咸出美音;牛王、象王、师子王等,皆生欢喜,踊跃、哮吼,犹如大山相击出声;百千伏藏自然踊现。

  时,安住地神善财言:“善来童子!汝于此地曾种善根,我为汝现,汝欲见不?”

  尔时,善财礼地神足,绕无数匝,合掌而立,白言:“圣者!唯然!欲见。”

  时,安住地神以足按地,百千亿阿僧祇宝藏自然踊出,告言:

  “善男子!今此宝藏随逐于汝,是汝往昔善根果报,是汝福力之所摄受,汝应随意自在受用。

  “善男子!我得菩萨解脱,名:不可坏智慧藏,常以此法成就众生。

  “善男子!我忆自从然灯佛来,常随菩萨,恭敬守护,观察菩萨所有心行、智慧境界、一切誓愿、诸清净行、一切三昧、广大神通、大自在力、无能坏法,遍往一切诸佛国土,普受一切诸如来记,转于一切诸佛法轮,广说一切修多罗门,大法光明普皆照耀,教化调伏一切众生,示现一切诸佛神变,我皆能领受、皆能忆持。

  “善男子!乃往古世,过须弥山微尘数劫,有劫名:庄严,世界名:月幢,佛号:妙眼,于彼佛所得此法门。善男子!我于此法门,若入若出修习增长,常见诸佛未曾舍离,始从初得乃至贤劫,于其中间,值遇不可说不可说佛刹微尘数如来、应、正等觉,悉皆承事,恭敬供养;亦见彼佛诣菩提座,现大神力;亦见彼佛所有一切功德善根。

  “善男子!我唯知此不可坏智慧藏法门。如诸菩萨摩诃萨常随诸佛,能持一切诸佛所说,入一切佛甚深智慧,念念充遍一切法界,等如来身,生诸佛心,具诸佛法,作诸佛事;而我云何能知能说彼功德行?

  “善男子!此阎浮提摩竭提国迦毗罗城,有主夜神,名:婆珊婆演底。汝诣彼问:菩萨云何学菩萨行、修菩萨道?”

  时,善财童子礼地神足,绕无数匝,殷勤瞻仰,辞退而去。

Sthavara

Then Sudhana went to the earth goddess Sthavara at the site of enlightenment in Magadha. Ten hundred thousand earth goddesses said to one another, “Someone comes who will be a refuge for all sentient beings; a vessel of enlightenment comes who will break the shell of ignorance of all sentient beings; one who springs from the family of spiritual sovereigns comes who will put on the turban of unattached supreme purity of a spiritual sovereign; a hero bearing the mighty thunderbolt of knowledge comes who will destroy the weapons of all false teachers.

 Then those earth goddesses, led by Sthavara, caused the earth to tremble, made the ocean roar, illumined the whole universe with a glorious light, and with bodies adorned with all kinds of jewelry, like bundles of lightning bolts descending from the sky, emerged from the surface of the earth, with all tree sprouts growing, all flowering trees blooming, all rivers flowing, all lakes and ponds rising, fragrant rains showering, great winds bearing flowers, billions of musical instruments playing, celestial palaces, ornaments, and tiaras appearing, bulls, elephants, tigers, and lions roaring, the lords of the gods, titans, serpents and spirits thundering, mountains crashing together, and hundreds of billions of treasuries surfacing.

 Then the earth goddess said to Sudhana, “Welcome. This is a spot of ground where you have planted roots of goodness, which I have witnessed. Do you want to see the results in one place?”

 Sudhana paid his respects to the goddess and said, “I do.”

 Then the goddess, touching the earth with the sole of her foot, caused it to appear adorned with hundreds of billions of deposits of countless jewels, and said to Sudhana, “These billions of treasuries of jewels accompany you and are at your service, to be used as you wish; they have been produced as a result of your good works and are preserved by the power of your good works. Take of them and do whatever should be done.

 “I have attained an enlightening liberation, ‘unassailable asylum of knowledge.’ Having attained this liberation, I have constantly stayed by and protected the enlightening being Vairocana since the time of Dipankara Buddha. Since then I have observed the enlightening being’s mental activity, entered his sphere of knowledge and all his vows, followed his purification of enlightening practice, gone along into all concentrations, pervaded the vastness of the mind of the mystic knowledges of all enlightening beings, and have comprehended, remembered, and taken in his mastery of the powers of all enlightening beings, his insuperability like that of all enlightening beings, his pervasion of the network of all lands, his reception of the prediction of enlightenment from all buddhas, his manifestation of attainment of enlightenment in all times, his way of activating all the cycles of the Teaching, the doctrines expounded in all the scriptures, his way of revealing the vista of the great Teaching, his way of knowing how to lead all sentient beings to perfection, and his way of manifesting all the miracles that buddhas perform.

 “I attained this ‘unassailable asylum of knowledge’ enlightening liberation from the buddha Skillful Guide in the world Moon Banner eons ago, more eons than the number of atoms in the polar mountain, in an eon called Supernal Manifestation of Light. Going in and out of this ‘unassailable as many buddhas as atoms in untold buddha-lands, and I have seen the spiritual transformations of all those buddhas when they came to the site of enlightenment, and I have witnessed all those buddhas’ roots of goodness.

 “I know only this enlightening liberation ‘unassailable asylum of knowledge.’ How can I know the practice or tell the virtues of the enlightening beings who attend all buddhas, who remember the tales of all the buddhas, who have entered the recondite knowledge of all buddhas, who speed throughout the cosmos in a moment of thought, who are physically equal to the buddhas, who are undefiled receptacles of the mind of all buddhas, who have always effected the birth of all buddhas, who are envoys physically indivisible from all buddhas?

 “In this country Magadha in Jambudvipa is a city called Kapilavastu, where a night goddess named Vasanti lives. Go ask her how to learn and carry out the practice of enlightening beings.”

 So then Sudhana paid his respects to the earth goddess Sthavara and went on.


References 参考资料:​​
  1. 《华严经》 Avatamsaka Sūtra
  2. 善财童子五十三参原文、白话故事、图片 – 弘善佛教网
  3. The Flower Ornament Scripture A Translation Of The Avatamsaka Sutra By Thomas Cleary : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive
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